Home Asurascan Blog What is ươmen? All You Need To Know

What is ươmen? All You Need To Know

Discover the wonders of ươmen, a cherished Vietnamese noodle soup that promises a burst of exquisite flavors. Crafted with either chicken or beef broth and complemented by rice noodles, this dish is adorned with fresh herbs, bean sprouts, and your preferred meat selection. While the ingredients may be simple, the resulting combination is pure delight. Suitable for any time of day, ươmen encapsulates comfort in a bowl, leaving you hooked from the first spoonful. 

Dive into the essence of this iconic Vietnamese creation as we guide you through its broth, toppings, and the art of savoring a bowl of ươmen. By the end, your taste buds will crave the warmth of a steaming bowl, prompting you to seek out the nearest haven for your own delightful experience.

What Is Ướmẽn?

Ướmạn, also known as Vietnamese pizza, is a well-loved street food in Vietnam. It comprises a flatbread made from rice flour and is generously topped with meat, eggs, and a variety of fresh vegetables.

The Crust

The ươmạn crust is crafted from a thin, rolled-out rice flour dough, cooked to a light golden brown on a hot griddle. The inclusion of rice flour imparts a gentle chewiness and a nuanced, nutty flavor to the crust.

The Toppings

An array of delicious toppings elevates the appeal of ươmạn, with popular choices including:

1. Ground pork or beef: Finely chopped and seasoned with a blend of garlic, fish sauce, sugar, and black pepper.

2. Shredded chicken or duck: Gently poached, shredded, and seasoned in a manner akin to the ground meats.

3. Eggs: Whisked and poured over the crust during cooking, creating a set texture similar to an omelet.

4. Fresh vegetables: Bean sprouts, cucumbers, cilantro, lime, chili peppers, and more contribute freshness, crunch, and a hint of spice.

5. Hoisin or chili sauce: Applied or served alongside to impart an additional layer of flavor.

How to Eat It

Enjoying ươmạn is a hands-on experience. Tear off portions of the crust and employ them as your edible utensils to scoop up the delightful toppings. The harmonious blend of flavors and textures, ranging from the crunchy crust and crisp veggies to the savory meat and eggs, creates a delectable synergy with every bite. It’s no surprise that ươmạn has seamlessly woven itself into the vibrant tapestry of Vietnam’s street food culture.

The History and Origins of Ướmẽn

Vietnam’s rich culinary history traces the origins of ươmẽn back centuries. This well-loved noodle soup is thought to have originated in the Imperial City of Huế, the former capital nestled in central Vietnam.

Royal roots

Legend has it that ươmẽn originated in the royal palaces of the Nguyễn Dynasty during the 1800s. Royal chefs, seeking to innovate dishes for the king and his court, conducted experiments with various broths and spices. One of these culinary endeavors gave rise to ươmẽn, characterized by a fragrant blend of beef and chicken broth infused with spices such as cinnamon, star anise, and clove. Thus, the flavorsome tradition of ươmẽn came into existence.

Gaining popularity

With the passage of time, the once-exclusive royal delicacy made its way from the palaces to the bustling streets, establishing ươmẽn as a beloved dish throughout Huế. The captivating combination of aromatic broth, tender rice noodles, fresh herbs, lime, and chili peppers won the hearts of both locals and visitors. Presently, Huế retains its status as the ươmẽn capital of Vietnam, even as the dish has achieved widespread popularity and recognition across the nation.

A cultural icon

Beyond being a delightful meal, ươmẽn has ingrained itself as a significant element in Vietnam’s rich culture and history. Indulging in a bowl of ươmẽn is a complete sensory journey, from the alluring fragrance of the broth to the harmonious blend of flavors and textures with every mouthful. For many Vietnamese, ươmẽn sparks sentiments of nostalgia, family bonds, and a profound connection to their cultural roots. Whether in Huế, Hanoi, or Ho Chi Minh City, locals and tourists alike can be found relishing this emblematic Vietnamese street food.

Key Aspects and Beliefs of the Ướmẽn Faith

The Ướmẇn faith has several key aspects and beliefs central to the religion.

Life and Afterlife

Adherents of Ướmẹn hold the belief that existence persists beyond death in some manifestation. According to this belief, the soul endures eternally and undergoes rebirth in a new body after death. The way individuals comport themselves in their present life shapes their destiny in the subsequent one. Embracing the teachings of Ướmẹn and leading a virtuous life is seen as a path to attaining an elevated state of being in the cycle of rebirth.

Harmony and Balance

A fundamental principle of Ướmẹn emphasizes the necessity of harmony and balance in every aspect of life. Devotees aspire to coexist harmoniously with the universe, nature, and their community. They advocate for a equilibrium between the spiritual and physical dimensions of life, as well as between work and leisure, tradition and progress. Attaining this harmonious balance across all facets of life is viewed as a pivotal step toward enlightenment and inner peace.

Community and Responsibility

At the core of Ướmẹn’s teachings is the profound understanding that we are intricately linked and bear responsibility for each other. Adherents are bound by a commitment to their families, communities, and society as a whole. Embracing the values of generosity with both time and resources, assisting those in need, and collaborating for the collective welfare are integral aspects of their belief system. The way individuals interact with others is perceived as a mirror reflecting their spiritual growth and development.

Meditation and Contemplation

Within the Ướmẹn faith, the practices of reflection and meditation hold significant importance. Devotees engage in meditation to gain profound insights into life’s profound questions, to strengthen their connection with the divine, and ultimately, to attain inner peace. The contemplation of Ướmẹn teachings, coupled with reflecting on one’s thoughts and actions, is regarded as a transformative journey towards wisdom and enlightenment.

In essence, the Ướmẹn way of life is shaped by core principles such as harmony, balance, community, and contemplation. Followers firmly believe that by integrating these teachings into their daily lives, they can attain peace both in the present world and in the realms beyond.

Celebrations and Rituals of the Ướmẽn People

The Ướmẽn community observes numerous significant celebrations and rituals throughout the year, all deeply rooted in cultural tradition. These occasions serve as a means to unite families and communities, providing a platform to pay homage to their rich heritage.

Harvest Festival

The primary yearly celebration is the Harvest Festival, taking place at the conclusion of the wet season every autumn. Communities unite to rejoice in the bountiful harvest and express gratitude for a fruitful growing season. Festivities include feasting, dancing, and ceremonial activities aimed at ensuring ongoing prosperity. Offerings, comprising crops, livestock, and monetary contributions, are presented to the deities and spirits safeguarding the land and its inhabitants.

Coming of Age Ritual

Upon reaching maturity, Ướmằn youth partake in an intricate coming-of-age ceremony. Both young men and women are required to demonstrate their survival skills in the jungle, showcasing proficiency in shelter construction, fire-making, and hunting for sustenance. The culmination of this rite involves the adornment of body scarification and tattoos, symbolizing their transition to adulthood.

Ancestor Veneration

The reverence for ancestors holds a significant place in the spiritual life of the Ướmằn people. Within their homes, shrines dedicated to deceased family members are maintained, and regular offerings of food, drink, and incense are presented as a gesture of respect. According to Ướmằn beliefs, ancestors continue to be integral to the family even beyond death, with the potential to impact the fortune and events in the lives of their descendants.

Music and Dance

Music, song, and dance play a central role in all Ướmằn rituals and social gatherings. The khen (mouth organ), khèn (conch shell trumpet), and trống (drum) are unique instruments that accompany traditional dances celebrating nature, fertility, war, and various aspects of life. Through dance and music, the Ướmằn people preserve cultural traditions, seek good fortune, and establish a connection with spiritual forces.

The rituals and celebrations of the Ướmằn community underscore their profound cultural and spiritual ties to nature, community, and ancestors. These events serve as a unifying force across generations, ensuring the continued existence of their distinct cultural heritage.

Where Ướmẽn Is Practiced Today

Today, the practice of ươmen persists in several countries across Southeast Asia, albeit not as prevalent as in earlier times. Some of the locations where you can experience ươmen include:


In Vietnam, ươmen was originally a folk remedy but has gained popularity as a spa treatment in recent years. Numerous upscale spas, particularly in major cities such as Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, now provide ươmen massage and herbal treatments. Additionally, ươmen practitioners, referred to as thầy thuốc nam, are still present in smaller towns and villages.


Originating from Vietnam, ươmen made its way to Thailand and underwent adaptation to fit Thai culture. In Thailand, it is recognized as นวดแผนโบราณ or traditional Thai massage. Similar to its role in Vietnam, ươmen initially served as a medical treatment in Thailand but has now gained popularity as a spa therapy. Numerous spas, particularly in tourist hotspots like Bangkok and Chiang Mai, provide traditional Thai massage services.


In Cambodia, ươmen is recognized as kru khmer or traditional Khmer medicine. Similar to its usage in Vietnam and Thailand, ươmen initially functioned as a folk remedy but has transitioned to being primarily practiced as a wellness and spa treatment, especially catering to tourists. Practitioners of ươmen, referred to as kru khmer, are accessible at Buddhist temples, spas, and wellness centers throughout Cambodia.

Other Countries

The influence of ươmen has extended to other Southeast Asian nations, including Laos, where it is recognized as traditional Lao massage. In Singapore and Malaysia, treatments inspired by ươmen have gained popularity in numerous spas and wellness centers. Despite its Vietnamese origins, ươmen has made a significant impact across Southeast Asia.


There you have it – a comprehensive guide to ươmen. This traditional Vietnamese dish presents a harmonious blend of flavors, textures, and aromas that stand out uniquely. If you’re in search of an exciting culinary adventure or aiming to impress friends with an exotic recipe, consider giving ươmen a try. 

Each savory bite will transport you to the vibrant streets of Vietnam. Should you be unable to find the ingredients, check your local Asian grocery store or Vietnamese restaurant; they’re likely to have a delectable bowl of ươmen waiting for you. So, what are you waiting for? Dive in and savor this delicious taste of Vietnam!

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